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4-Types of Geoheritage of Zhijindong Cave Geopark

2015-03-25 20:56 | Author:gzzjd | Reading:amount |

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Zhijindong Cave Geopark has abundant geoheritages which can be generally classified into 11 categories: karst cave, karst gorge, karst natural bridge, karst tiankeng, karst high fengcong, karst hill, karst cuesta and pictographic mountain, karst hydrology, palaeontological fossil, stratal rock and structural geoheritage, etc. All geoheritages have been developed in the Lower Triassic Series marine carbonatite stratum and distributed intensively in such three karst geomorphic units as Zhijindong Cave, Qijiehe River and Dongfenghu Lake as well, which are relatively independent and integrated on one hand and closely linked to each other on the other hand through Qijiehe River. These geoheritages constitute a comprehensive geopark integrating majestic, typical, beautiful and precious plateau karst landscape and colorful human landscape as well as biological landscape with caves, gorges, natural bridges and tiankengs as its core.

Main geoheritage types of Zhijindong Cave Geopark
Type Typical geoheritage site
Type sub-type
1-Karst cave Cave Zhijindong Cave, Leizidong Cave, Swallow Cave, etc.
Cave chamber Guest-Greeting Hall, Talin Palace, Crystal Palace, Hall of Miraculous Mist, Moon Palace, Shiwan Mountain, Water Resort, Banquet Hall, and North Sea Ridge.
Cave secondary sediments Dripstone Soda straw, stalactite, stalagmite, column
Flowstone Cave shield, drapery, curtain, stone waterfall, cave flag, and flowstone dam
Pool water sediments Cave pearl and rim stone
Synergetic sediments Cambiform, nodular, palmlike draperies, stalagmite and column, etc.
Splashing water sediments Spherical stalactite, palm slice, nodular body, and handlike stalactite, etc.
Non-gravitational water sediments Helictites, calcite flower, and anthodite, etc.
Heterogenetic-homomorphic sediments Moonmilk, cave coral, and crusty substance, etc.
Cave biotic sediment Atherurus macrourus dunghill deposit in Golden Mouse Palace
Cave mechanic sediments Cave collapse landscape Collapse rock block Collapsed rock block sediment, inverted stalagmite
Natural skylight Natural skylight
Flowing water alluvial sediments The clay and gravel stratum distributing inside the subterrane (Golden Mouse Palace-Water Resort-North Sea Ridge) of the second main cave
Bed rock residue landscape caviation, Soluble thorn, inverted clint, and lapie, etc.
2-Karst gorge Formation type of surface river Lujiadu Gorge, Pengjiazhai Gorge, Dahebian Gorge, Huawuji Gorge, and Goudiaoyan Gorge(They are part of Dongfenghu Lake Gorge)
Formation type of underground river Sanjia Gorge, Gouyaoyan Gorge, Youcaichong Gorge, Hebian Gorge, and Dacaokou Gorge(They are part of Qijiehe River Gorge)
3-Karst Natural Bridge Huge singe-pore (lower layer) Tiangu Natural bridge, Huangtupo South and North Natural Bridge
Huge double-pore (lower layer) Xiaotuoluo Natural Bridge
Huge double-pore (upper layer) Xiniu Wangyue Natural Bridge
4-Karst tiankeng Super-large/collapse formation Dacaokou Tiankeng
Large/collapse formation Xiaocaokou Tiankeng, Daluoquan Tiankeng, Dachilong Tiankeng, etc.
Medium/collapse formation Xiaoluoquan Tiankeng
Small/collapse formation Xiaochilong Tiankeng and Jiayandong Tiankeng
5-Karst high fengcong High fengcong deep depression in the area from Sanjia to Gouyaoyan and the south area of Zhijindong Cave
6-Karst hill Karst hills on both sides of Qijiehe River and Liuchonghe River
7-Karst cuesta Dazhai cuesta, Xiahongyan cuesta, and Dacaokou cuesta, etc.
7-Karst pictographic mountain Qigu Yingbin, Chuantoushan, Dapeng Zhanchi, Guandaoyan, and Sunziyan, etc.
8-Karst hydrologic geoheritage Underground river geoheritage Underground river channel segment of Qijiehe River
Surface river geoheritage Qijiehe River, Xinzhaihe River, Miaozhaihe River, Liuchonghe River, and Sanchahe River, etc.
9-Paleontological fossil geoheritage Lamellibranchs, ammonoid, brachiopoda, gastropods, and alga, etc.
10- Stratum and rock geoheritage Stratigraphic section Dazhai Village stratigraphic section, Dacaokou stratigraphic section, Lujiadu stratigraphic section, and Dachilong stratigraphic section, etc.(They all belong to Lower Triassic Series)
Stratigraphic boundary Observing point of Zhijindong Cave stratigraphic boundary
Carbonatite Wormlike limestone, and karst breccia, etc.
11-Tectonic geoheritage Crustal movement geoheritage Karst denudation surface, multistage cave, double-layer natural bridge, and multistage terrace, etc.
Fault Qimo fault , Huangtufen fault, Sanjia fault(they belong to Regional fault ); triangular facet bluff, and small faults like Gouyaoyan, Youcaichong, and Chuantoushan etc.
Fold Dianhulu anticline, Lujiadu anticline, and Chuantoushan syncline, etc.
Tectonic fissure Rock bared area in the geopark
12-Non-geology geoheritage Lebensspur Zhijindong Cave secondary primeval forest and wild monkey habitat, Swallow Nest,various animals habitats within Qijiehe River and Dongfenghu Lake area, cherry forest, bamboo fungus hometown of China, and birds habitats, etc.
National culture heritage Guanzhai Old Town, Xiahongyan nationality village, Dazhai Village, Tiangu Villa, Huawuji Old Town, "Flower Dance Festival" of Miao nationality, "Torch Festival" of Yi nationality, "Song Festival" of Buyi nationality, "Celebration of Wuxian Bodhisattva" and "Festival lantern" of Chuanqing people, wax printing craft, and Zhijin marmite, etc.

 
 
 

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